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Friday, August 11 • 11:35am - 12:25pm
Motor unit disease: Myopathies, the oft forgotten and misdiagnosed

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Diseases of skeletal muscle  are uncommon in  dogs and cats but the clinical signs are often incorrectly attributed to an orthopaedic, spinal  cord or peripheral nerve abnormality and myopathy is often overlooked in the workup of animals with exercise intolerance, weakness, stiffness, lameness, pain  or  muscle atrophy.  The clinical signs seen may be nonspecific and episodic in presentation.  Generalised myopathies usually present clinically as muscle weakness and exercise intolerance.  Animals may have difficulty getting up and sit or lie down quickly on exertion. Muscle strength may return with rest and clinically myopathies can be very difficult to distinguish from junctionpathies and polyneuropathies and, in some cases, polyarthropathy. Some animals show a stiff stilted or bunny hopping gait. Muscle tone may be increased rather than decreased. Muscle mass may be reduced or may, in some diseases, be increased.  An abnormal gait or posture may  be seen associated with muscle contractures.  Conditions causing rhabdomyolysis may result in swollen painful muscles, “cramping” weakness or acute collapse.
Muscle diseases may be due to genetic, metabolic, infectious or immune mediated disorders and may  be confined to one muscle or muscle group, for example masticatory muscle myositis, or may be generalised.
Clinical presentation, approach to investigation and a discussion of the causes and treatment of muscle diseases will be discussed using case examples. 

Speakers
avatar for Georgina Child

Georgina Child

Georgina is a graduate of University of Sydney (1980) and completed a residency in neurology at the University of California Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital in 1985. She is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine in Neurology. She has consulted... Read More →


Friday August 11, 2017 11:35am - 12:25pm
Room 5